The central air conditioner is considered one of the basic devices in every department or organization, which of course requires choosing high quality and efficient devices, in addition to the availability of specialized companies that carry out the implementation process. These companies must also include those with sufficient experience, skill and qualification to install, operate, test and maintain devices and equipment.
In this article, we will learn about the most important characteristics and specifications of central air conditioning and its most important types;
The difference between central air conditioning and regular split air conditioning?
Although the idea of making air conditioners is one and the theory of work is one and common between different types of air conditioning systems, there is a difference in the components of each air condition and the way of distributing cold or warm air in each type of air condition. The difference between central air conditioning and split air conditioning is that the first is used to cool the air throughout the building or home, while regular air conditioning is used to adapt only a specific part of the building such as a room or a cabin only.
Types of central air conditioning
1- Cooling with chilled water.
It is considered the best and best type of air conditioning, as the central chiller is operated by water, not by freon, and this is done by transferring cold water to the conditioner, so that the cold air is provided in the best way. The centralized air conditioning is characterized by the distribution of central air-conditioning in all parts of the region desired to be adapted, with disinfection of dust and viruses.
2- The Complex (Package)
This type is based on drawing air from outside and mixing it with cold air, and it works by freon, and it has proven its effectiveness in cooling large and medium places.
3- Central split
This type is known for its appropriate price, ability and effectiveness in adapting all types of spaces, as it can be installed in a place of up to 900 meters, it is the most abundant air conditioner and gives home facilities a large percentage of cooling.
Central air conditioning system features
1- Central air conditioning is easy to maintain because the components of the central unit are far from the place to be installed, and the costs of repairing them in case of necessity are very appropriate.
2- Central air conditioning is characterized by giving cooling to a larger area than ordinary split air conditioners, in addition to being less consuming electricity.
3- It distributes fresh air evenly across all corners of the building, thanks to its use of ducts.
4- Central air conditioning does not cause noise, because the central unit is located outside the building.
The stages of installing central air conditioning
1- Design stage: After completing the architectural and structural design of the project to be adapted, the air conditioning design will start, determine the size of the machines required for the building, and start designing the ducts (Duct).
2- The implementation phase:
The most important step in this stage is the selection of materials, it is necessary to know the specifications of the materials used in the installations before agreeing with any company to implement the installations because the prices of these companies depend on the specifications of these materials. These include insulators, ducts, grill diffusers, and cladding (the metal that covers parts of the machine) …
3- The installation phase:
Where various devices are installed, channels are installed and sewage is covered, as this stage includes everything related to the connection of devices and their connection to electricity and other installations.